Rosatom starts batch production of MOX fuel

17 December 2018

The first serial batch of nuclear fuel assemblies for BN-800 fast neutron reactor with mixed uranium-and-plutonium MOX fuel has successfully passed acceptance commissioning. The fuel pellets are manufactured from a mixture of oxides of depleted uranium accumulated at facilities of TVEL Fuel Company of Rosatom, and oxides of plutonium extracted during reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel.

‘The start of MOX fuel production for BN-800 is an important milestone for solving the strategic task of establishing the closed nuclear fuel cycle, as well as double-component nuclear power industry which would include both thermal and fast neutron reactors. Involvement of the large stock of depleted uranium and bred plutonium into the fuel cycle would enable expansion of the resource base of nuclear power industry and reduction of natural uranium consumption,’ commented Konstantin Vergazov, Head of the industrial working group for reaching the projected indicators in MOX fuel production, Senior Vice President of TVEL JSC for R&D, technology and quality.

According to experts’ assessment, contents of U-238 isotope in natural uranium deposits are about 99.3%, while contents of uranium U-235 are just 0.7%. Currently, thermal neutron reactors which comprise the base of contemporary nuclear power industry consume about 1% of the extracted natural uranium, the rest 99% is forwarded to temporary storage, or disposed as the radioactive waste.

Fast neutron reactors fuelled by mixed oxides of uranium and plutonium would breed enough plutonium for own needs and producing a certain amount of fuel for other reactors. Recycling of spent nuclear fuel and fabrication of new bundles with uranium-and-plutonium mixture is estimated to ramp up dramatically the volume of electric power which could be potentially generated using natural uranium resources.

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